Monstera deliciosa is a large evergreen vine with long trailing stems. It has dark green heart-shaped leaves and white flowers. This plant is native to Southern Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. The scientific name of the Monstera deliciosa is derived from the Latin meaning “delicious monster” and the word monster which means "full of diverse shapes." The name was given because it can be found in forests that are difficult to explore.
Monstera deliciosa is also called Swiss cheese plant or split-leaf philodendron because of its unique foliage design. It has a leaf pattern with slits and holes called fenestrations. It produces cream-white flowers that later produce fruit that resembles a green ear of corn. You do not typically see the flowers and fruit as you need ideal growing conditions for this to occur.
This plant is usually grown as an indoor houseplant because it requires warm conditions and a lot of light. It can grow up to 8 feet tall, with leaves that are up to 5 feet long. The plant is easy to grow and maintain, making it an attractive option for those who are beginners and want to learn more about gardening or interior design. The plant also can be grown outdoors and is hardy for zones 10-12. It prefers bright, indirect sunlight in temperatures that remain consistent between 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
The Monstera Deliciosa prefers bright, indirect sunlight. The plant is very sensitive to the sun and will start withering when exposed to too much sunlight. While the plant can adapt to low light areas it will slow its growth.
When it comes to watering this plant, it requires less water than other plants because it stores water within its leaves. The water needs to flow through the container to the drainage hole at the bottom. Do not let the plant sit in the water, discard any excess water as this can lead to root rot. The plant prefers to dry out between watering.
The Monstera Deliciosa is a fairly hardy plant that needs indirect sunlight and moist, well-drained soil to grow quickly. The plant thrives best in soil that is rich in organic material, such as compost.
Fertilizer is not usually needed. If you do want to use a generic houseplant fertilizer, just use it every few weeks during the growing season.
Common Issues With Monstera Deliciosa
The most common issue is yellowing leaves. This is caused by improper watering of the plant, typically overwatering. Only water the plant when the top 2-3 inches of the soil is dry. In the winter, you can let the plant dry out more between waterings.
If your plant becomes stressed it might cause your plant to be more susceptible to insect infestations. Mealybugs, scale, and spider mites are often the culprits and can also cause the yellowing of leaves.
If all of sudden you see your plant, go limp and start to droop or the leaves turn brown it could be caused by underwatering. First, check the soil to see if it is dried out in the entire container. If this is the case, it is best to soak your plant.
Dry soil and low humidity can cause the leaves to turn brown on their edges, later followed by yellowing. Try misting the leaves of your plant to increase humidity.
Unfortunately, this pretty plant is toxic to cats and dogs.